Rules & Regulations
You can’t move the goalposts in motorsport, so what are the hard and fast rules to know when watching Formula E. Below is a brief overview of the rules and regulations - we won’t get too technical though. For a detailed look at the rules and regulations, you can visit the FIA website.
Championship and standings
The FIA Formula E Championship consists of two separate titles - one dedicated to the drivers and another dedicated to the teams. The drivers’ championship is decided by their end of season total, made of his or her best results over the entire campaign. Whereas the teams’ championship is made up by calculating both driver’s scores throughout the season.
Formula E follows a standard points system, used in other FIA-sanctioned series - awarding points to the top-10 finishers.
1st - 25pts
2nd - 18pts
3rd - 15pts
4th - 12pts
5th - 10pts
6th - 8pts
7th - 6pts
8th - 4pts
9th - 2pts
10th - 1pt
Additional points are also awarded for securing Julius Baer Pole Position and clinching the Visa Fastest Lap – more details on both of these below.
The driver starting at the front (Julius Baer Pole Position) picks-up an extra three points, while the driver setting the pace during the race (Visa Fastest Lap) receives an additional point. However, as a new rule introduced for Season Four, the driver must finish in the top-10 places to gain an extra point. If not, then the driver in the top-10 with the fastest lap takes the honour.
Julius Baer pole position - 3 points
Visa fastest lap - 1 point (if in a top-10 finishing position)
Race day format
Shakedown - at most events a shakedown session is held on Friday - the day before the main event - but this is dependent on the track (in our case, city streets) being available. Drivers use this session to check the electronic systems and the reliability of the car, but not overall performance as the cars run at a reduced speed.
At this time, the track layout, kerbs and features can be checked by the FIA (the world governing body of motorsport), taking into account feedback from the competitors provided in the driver briefing.
Power - the power is limited to 110kW.
Practice - each event has two practice sessions - an opening 45-minute session followed by a further 30-minute session. This is reduced to only one 45-minute session on the second day of a double-header. Here the teams and drivers take to the track for the first time in earnest – allowing them to get a feel for the track and adapt to the car set-up.
Power - 200kW is available throughout.
Qualifying and super pole shoot-out - qualifying determines the starting grid for the race, with the fastest driver lining-up in first place. The session lasts one hour and sees drivers divided into groups, decided by a lottery conducted in the driver briefing. Each driver has six minutes to set their best time, with the top-five drivers proceeding to the Super Pole shoot-out in a bid to secure Julius Baer Pole Position and an additional three points. During the Super Pole shoot-out, the drivers go out one-by-one, with the fifth fastest driver from the group stages going out first. When he or she crosses the line to start their flying lap, the pitlane light turns green and the fourth fastest driver heads out. This is repeated until all five drivers have completed a lap.
Power - 200kW is available throughout.
E-Prix - races, or E-Prix, begin with a standing start, meaning the cars are stationary until the lights go green. The drivers line-up on a dummy grid - a short distance behind the actual grid - and slowly file into position to start the race. The E-Prix lasts for approximately 50-minutes with each driver making one mandatory stop to change cars. In race mode, the maximum power available is limited to 180kW - 10kW more than Season Three. The three drivers who receive the highly-acclaimed FANBOOST – as voted for by the fans - each have an extra 100kJ at their disposal.
Power - limited to 180kW, with additional energy for the winners of the FANBOOST vote.
Double-header - the majority of races take place over a single day in order to minimise disruption to the host city. However, where possible some events stretch to two days with double the amount of action - these are referred to as double-headers. The schedules are mirrored from each day, with only one 45-minute practice session on the second day.
Pit stops and car changes
During each E-Prix, drivers must make one mandatory stop in order to change cars - jumping into a second, fully-charged car that’s ready and waiting in the garage. This must take place in their allocated garage or dedicated slot in the pitlane (depending on the location of the pitlane and garages) and be observed by an FIA steward to ensure all safety equipment and belts are correctly fastened. A minimum time is also enforced to prevent rushing and provide enough time to complete necessary checks. Tyre changes, unless caused by a puncture or other damage, are not permitted during this pit stop phase.
Tyres and allocation
The bespoke 18-inch treaded all-weather tyres are supplied by Michelin - official tyre supplier of the FIA Formula E Championship. For each event, every driver is supplied with a new set of tyres - two new front tyres and two new rear tyres. In addition to the new set, drivers also carry over one front tyre and one rear tyre from the previous event. This same rule is also applied for double-headers.
Per driver - two new front tyres and two new rear tyres (plus one front and rear tyre from the previous event).
Charging the car is forbidden during both qualifying and the race, as well as throughout parc ferme and scrutineering. Teams can charge the cars in-between sessions and during practice.
FANBOOST is a fan interaction system, where fans vote to give a driver an extra energy boost during the race - to be used for attack or defence. Making a passing move on your nearest rival, or fending off an attempt to overtake.
Therefore, fans can actively influence the outcome of the race - something unique to the world of competitive sport.
The voting window opens on the Monday of the week of the race, five days before the event. Fans can vote once per day on each eligible platform - via social media or the official Formula E website. Voting closes six minutes into the race, therefore the top-three drivers with the highest percentage of votes receive and additional 100kJ of energy in their second car only. When using FANBOOST, it can only be deployed once - not in a series of short bursts.
To cast your vote visit - www.fiaformulae.com/fanboost
Fans can also vote on social media using a #hashtag - posting a #hashtag with the name of your chosen driver, along with #FANBOOST.
Just like a driving licence for the road - Formula E drivers must qualify to participate. In order to enter the FIA Formula E Championship, drivers must comply with the following:
Drivers must conduct a specific FIA training session focussing on electrical safety, specific features of the fully-electric Formula E car, as well as reviewing both technical and sporting aspects of the series.
Drivers must have accumulated at least 20 points in the past three years, in conjunction with the FIA points system - used to qualify for a Super Licence. Or, to have previously been holding a Super Licence, or to have participated in at least three events of the previous FIA Formula E Championship.
The champion from the previous season automatically qualifies for a Super Licence the following year.
If these points aren’t met - a driver judged by the FIA to have consistently demonstrated outstanding ability in single-seater categories, but with little or no opportunity to qualify, can still participate.